WHAT DOES HIV UNDETECTABLE MEAN?
Scientific advances have shown that antiretroviral therapy (ART) preserves the health of people living with HIV. We also have strong evidence of the prevention effectiveness of ART. When ART results in viral suppression, defined as less than 200 copies/ml or undetectable levels, it prevents sexual HIV transmission. Across three different studies, including thousands of couples and many thousand acts of sex without a condom or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), no HIV transmissions to an HIV-negative partner were observed when the HIV-positive person was virally suppressed. This means that people who take ART daily as prescribed and achieve and maintain an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting the virus to an HIV-negative partner.
WHAT ARE THE WAYS WE CAN FIGHT SPREADING HIV?TasP: Treatment as Prevention (TasP) is how an HIV positive individual can get his viral load to " HIV undetectable" status so they are no longer a big risk!PrEP: Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is a once-a-day prevention pill for people (as close to a vaccine that we have) who don't have HIV but are concerned about the risks of infection. In a recent study, 100% of the individuals taking Truvada remained infection-free.PEP: Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is used as a "morning after pill" type idea, several weeks of Truvada are taken after a possible exposure within 72 hours.CONDOMS: Pieces of latex or plastic wrap over the vagina/anus, or condoms over the penis, can be used as barriers during oral sex.
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